Prof Du Peng, Director and Professor of Gerontology Institute, Renmin University of China gave a public lecture entitled "Population migration in China" on 5 July 2011, discussing the phenomenon of rural-urban migration in China and its various impacts.
Prof Du's research mainly focuses on population development and social gerontology. At the public lecture, Prof Du gave an in-depth analysis of population flow in China, its impacts on rural and urban areas, as well as problems of employment, low salary, inadequate social welfare assistance, social inclusion and child rearing faced by the floating population. He pointed out that although migrant workers taking jobs in more developed areas is a very common way of improving rural household incomes, it also creates adverse consequences such as the so-called "retained children" lacking access to basic education and the “retained elderly” living in poor conditions. Moreover, the floating populations do not enjoy as much income, social welfare benefits and access to basic education as their counterparts in urban areas.
Prof Du predicted that the migrant population in China would continue to increase rapidly, which is similar to the case in Hong Kong after the transfer of sovereignty to China in 1997. And the success of migrant population management in the future lies in accelerating integration of the migrant population in city life and promoting equal access to public services such as basic education for residents and migrants.